Relevance. Cancer remains the biggest medical and socio-economic problem of humanity. International efforts to overcome this global burden of humanity are aimed at the implementation of programs for the prevention and early detection of tumors.
Objective: investigation of the effectiveness and level of funding of targeted regional programs to fight cancer, which were implemented in the western regions of Ukraine in the period before the Russian invasion in 2022.
Materials and methods. A single point descriptive research was performed on the basis of information provided in 2021 by the Health Departments of the regional state administrations of the western regions of Ukraine, as well as data obtained from the websites of these Health Departments. Statistical methods, structural-logical analysis and a systematic approach were used.
Results. The research established the achievement of positive changes in the main indicators of the work of the oncology service regarding the timely diagnosis of oncological pathologies, a reduction in the mortality rates up to a year, as well as the improvement of screening programs for the detection of precancerous conditions. Since most of the final results correspond to the set tasks of the programs, this proves the importance of implementing such programs at the regional level, and, in turn, their proper funding is a catalyst for improving the oncological epidemiological situation and the process of organizing oncological care.
Conclusions. Regional target programs should remain a strategic direction of policy implementation in the field of cancer prevention and control.
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