PATOGENETIC ASPECT OF STUDYING INFLAMMATORY COMPLICATIONS AFTER A TOOTH EXTRACTION OPERATION. Review
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Keywords

alveolitis, tooth extraction, tooth socket, blood clot, osteoregeneration

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Malanchuk , V., Topchiі D., & Javadiasl, A. (2021). PATOGENETIC ASPECT OF STUDYING INFLAMMATORY COMPLICATIONS AFTER A TOOTH EXTRACTION OPERATION. Review . Medical Science of Ukraine (MSU), 17(1), 121-127. https://doi.org/10.32345/2664-4738.1.2021.14

Abstract

Relevance. Inflammation of the socket of the removed tooth is one of the most frequent complications (from 3 to 40%) of the tooth extraction operation. The lack of consensus on the causes of alveolitis and the lack of an established key role of one of the many diverse factors in the pathogenesis of its development make it difficult to carry out effective preventive measures to prevent its development.

Objective: To use the literature data to summarize and systematize a variety of views on the etiology, pathogenesis, methods of prevention, and treatment of alveolitis.

Materials and methods. The available literary scientific sources are analyzed where modern views on the problems of treating alveolitis are examined. Modern approaches to understanding the etiology, pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment of alveolitis are generalized and systematized.

Results.  Most authors, analyzing the main causes and accompanying factors of alveolitis, suggest for its prevention: reduce the traumatic nature of the operation, observe aseptic and correct appointments in the postoperative period, and optimize the healing processes of the well using locally diverse medications.

Conclusion. The prevention of inflammatory complications after the tooth extraction operation is mainly based on the desire to ensure the formation in the tooth socket of a stable blood clot, which should ensure normal regeneration of damaged tissues.

https://doi.org/10.32345/2664-4738.1.2021.14
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