Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Ethno-medicine, Treatment, Medicinal Plants, Jos

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Tongshuwar , G., Ojetunde , A., Oyegoke , A., & Oyegoke , T. (2020). ETHNO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN A RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS TREATMENT: A CASE STUDY OF JOS IN NIGERIA. Medical Science of Ukraine (MSU), 16(4).


Relevance. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder leading to the inflammation of the joints. This inflammation finds expression in the lining of the synovial tissues causing swellings and severe pains and deterioration of the bone in the long run. This disease's exact etiology is not yet to be ascertained; however, there are claims of the interplay of genetic and environmental factors. RA is one of the diseases ravaging the people of Jos in Nigeria, owing to the high cost of orthodox medicine.

Objective. The study was carried out to collect information and find out plants used to treat rheumatoid arthritis in Jos, Nigeria, in addition to the availability of the plant(s).

Materials and methods. An electronic-based questionnaire was used to get information from the respondents.

Result. Eight species of plants were reported to be used. Garlic (Allium sativum), Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Turmeric (Curcuma longa), and Onion (Allium cepa) were the dominant plants reportedly used. The parts of plants used are the plant bulb and stem. They are reported to be prepared by grinding and herbal mixture; chewing and decoction were not popular. Respondents with this information reported their willingness to share with both family and friends.

Conclusion. This study shows the availability of traditional RA treatment and the preservation of verbal form knowledge.


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