Relevance. Fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the radial bone among all fractures range from 11% to 30%. Unsatisfactory results of treatment in patients over 70 years old are found in 44% of cases. Timely and adequate rehabilitation treatment is important for obtaining good results in the treatment of such patients.
Objective: to improve the results of the treatment of patients with fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the radial bone based on early comprehensive individual rehabilitation treatment.
Materials and methods. 97 patients with displaced fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the radius were observed. Among them, 67 are women (69.1%), over 50 years old – 64 (66%). Used conservative treatment with a sparing technique of one-stage reduction. Upon completion of the correction, according to the indications, measures were prescribed for the prevention of neurodystrophic syndrome, depending on the likelihood of its development (according to the temperature gradient of the fingers of the extremities) in the form of drug therapy. Massage, kinesiotherapy, and physiotherapy began on the second day. The pain intensity was determined using a visual analog scale. The nature of pain was determined by the DN4 questionnaire (questionnaire for the diagnosis of neuropathic pain). For subjective unified assessment of hand function in the long term after a hand injury, I used a specific questionnaire DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Outcome Measure) – a questionnaire of outcomes and disability of the hand and hand.
Results. Rehabilitation treatment at admission and at the early outpatient stage was complex, individual, taking into account the periods of illness. The debris correction was painless, low-traumatic, rational fixing bandages were used. The volume of drug therapy was determined by the value of the temperature gradient of the fingers.
Conclusion. The proposed method for the rehabilitation of patients with fractures of the distal metaepiphysis of the radius is highly effective: good and satisfactory (according to the DASH scale) results were obtained in 97.8% of cases, unsatisfactory – in 2.2%.
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