Relevance. The detector of the stability of the social system and its level of development is the frequency of violent deaths – murders, suicides and accidents. The level of murders correlates with the economic and social protection of the population. In a society reform, these indicators are changing. On the basis of the analysis of cases of violent death, on the basis of forensic medical expertise, it is possible to plan areas for preventive work of the police and health services to improve the assistance to the population.
Objective: to study the peculiarities of the violent death of Kyiv residents against the backdrop of the revolutionary events of 2013, in order to improve the preventive work of health authorities and law enforcement agencies in reducing the incidence of violent deaths among the population in the context of the reform of society.
Materials and methods. The material of the research was the acts of forensic research of 43138 corpses – residents of the city of Kyiv who died of violent death in 2001-2015 as a result of causing death wounds, gunshot injuries, height drop, mechanical asphyxiation, traffic accidents, poisoning, high and low temperature, and electrical trauma that were investigated in the Kyiv City Clinical Bureau for Forensic Medical Examination.
Results. In the course of active revolutionary events, 92% of deaths are death by force. The number of deaths among women is significantly reduced. The number of incidents of firearms is 21 times higher. The number of murders increases by 49%, and in the next it falls to the original level. The number of suicides remains at a constant level during revolutionary events, but increases by 25% after them. The level of accidents decreases by 3.7 times during the revolutionary events and increases after them to a level that was even higher than at the beginning of this period. The number of injuries in dull and sharp objects increased by 25%, followed by a fall to a level that was less than revolutionary events.
Conclusions. During active revolutionary events, the distribution of types of violent death changes.
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